Archive for the ‘negotiations’ Category

Jeremy Hunt: EU playing hardball because it wants UK in customs union

LONDON — The EU refused to accept workable alternatives to the Northern Irish backstop because it wants the U.K. to stay in the customs union, Conservative leadership candidate Jeremy Hunt said Tuesday.

In an interview with the BBC, the U.K. foreign secretary argued the bloc was playing hardball in the talks to negotiate “the best outcome” for itself despite the technology being there to eliminate the need for the controversial mechanism.

He also took aim at his rival for No. 10 Downing Street, Boris Johnson, whom he branded untrustworthy and accused of setting a “fake deadline” on Brexit.

Both Hunt and Johnson have vowed to renegotiate the backstop and use technology to keep tabs on goods flowing across the Northern Irish border to prevent a hard frontier.

Hunt said he was loyal to Theresa May on the backstop — the insurance policy designed to maintain an open border on the island of Ireland — but “never thought that was the right approach.”

He said the technology to approach the border puzzle in a different way was “ready” to go — despite Brussels and other critics repeatedly insisting the necessary measures do not currently exist.

Hunt added: “But the EU have not wanted to accept this kind of solution because the hope is that we might stay in this thing called the customs union where we have to stick to [their] tariffs. But I think they know now that won’t get through parliament.”

Pressed on his claim that the EU was not prepared to listen, Hunt added: “Well this is a negotiation and they obviously are going to negotiate for what is for them the best outcome.”

Johnson this morning vowed to take the U.K. out of the bloc by the current October 31 Brexit deadline, “do or die,” but Hunt has said he could accept an extension if a deal was close.

Hunt told the BBC he would make the call on whether or not to go for a no-deal Brexit before the end of October, but failed to spell out exactly when.

His rival published a letter Tuesday in which he demanded to know what deadline Hunt will ask for if he applies to the EU for a further extension.

“For my part, I have been clear that, if I am elected leader, we will leave on October 31 with or without a deal,” Johnson said in the letter. “If you will not, voters deserve to know what alternative deadline you will set.”

But Hunt told the BBC: “I think that October 31 come hell or high water is a fake deadline, because it’s more likely to trip us into a general election before we’ve delivered Brexit, and that would hand the keys to [Labour leader] Jeremy Corbyn and then we’d have no Brexit at all.”

In a thinly veiled swipe at Johnson, he said getting a deal done with Brussels was “about the personality of our PM.”

“If you choose someone where there’s no trust, there’s going to be no negotiation, no deal,” Hunt said.

Boris Johnson must answer no-deal Brexit questions, says leadership rival

Tory leadership contender Jeremy Hunt hit out at rival Boris Johnson on Monday morning for failing to outline his plan if the U.K. parliament prevented him from pursuing a no-deal Brexit.

“What we have not heard from Boris … is if parliament takes no deal off the table before the 31st of October, would Boris call a general election,” he told BBC’s Today program.

The foreign secretary reiterated his intention to leave the EU on October 31, without a deal if necessary: “If we get to the 31st of October, if no deal is still on the table because parliament has left it there and there’s no prospect of a good deal, then I will leave, because that is the democratic mandate and we must deliver Brexit.” But, if parliament were to take no deal off the table, “of course the prime minister has to obey the law,” he said.

Defense Minister Tobias Ellwood told the BBC on Monday morning that a “dozen or so” Conservative MPs would back a no-confidence vote if faced with a no-deal Brexit.

Hunt acknowledged that coming to a deal with the EU would be difficult, but reaffirmed his intention to keep negotiating if parliament were to veto the no-deal option. He again ruled out a pre-October 31 general election under his watch, on the grounds it would spell disaster for the Conservative Party.

The foreign secretary refused to be drawn into the ongoing saga of his rival’s private life. U.K. front pages have been dominated for three days by revelations of a late-night argument between Johnson and his girlfriend Carrie Symonds at her South London flat in the early hours of Friday morning.

But Hunt said Johnson was avoiding scrutiny of his leadership platform. “It’s incredibly disrespectful to Conservative Party members up and down the country to say you’re not prepared to engage … it is very disrespectful to say that you’re not going to do any head-to-head debates, any tough media interviews, for the next couple of weeks. Because in two weeks time those ballot papers, the postal ballots, are going to arrive in people’s postal boxes and they are going to vote.”

Johnson has come under fire for avoiding public appearances during the race, although he did appear in a BBC debate on Tuesday last week and has committed to appear with Hunt in an ITV debate in July. There are also 16 regional hustings for Tory members.

On Monday, Sky News said it was canceling a debate between the two contenders because Johnson had refused to say if he would take part.

Boris Johnson refuses to answer questions about police visit

Boris Johnson refused multiple times to answer questions at a Tory leadership hustings about why the police were called to his girlfriend’s house in the early hours of Friday morning following a domestic disturbance.

The topic dominated the first five minutes of the hustings in Birmingham which involved both of the final two candidates — Johnson and Jeremy Hunt — in the contest to be leader of the Conservative party and the next prime minister of the United Kingdom. It was the first of 16 regional hustings.

The Guardian reported on Friday that the police were called to the house of Carrie Symonds, Johnson’s girlfriend, in South London, shortly after midnight on Friday morning after reports from a neighbor of a domestic dispute between the couple.

Asked by host Iain Dale, a LBC radio presenter and himself a former Tory parliamentary candidate, why the police were called, Johnson said: “I don’t think they want to hear about that kind of thing, unless I am wrong. I think what they want to hear is what my plans are for the country and our party.”

Dale persisted, asking, “if the police are called to your home, it makes it everyone’s business. You are running for the office of not just leader of the Conservative party but prime minister. Therefore a lot of people who do admire your politics do call into question your character and I do think it is incumbent on you to answer that question.”

Conservative MP Boris Johnson speaks to the audience as he takes part in a Conservative Party leadership hustings event in Birmingham, central England on June 22, 2019 | Oli Scarff/AFP via Getty Images

Johnson responded: “People are entitled to ask about me and my determination, my character and what I want to do for the country.” But the former foreign secretary then embarked on a tangent about his achievements as London mayor and the redesign of London’s iconic Routemaster bus.

At one point, the audience barracked the presenter for his attempts to get an answer from Johnson, who has refused almost all interviews and faced little media scrutiny during the campaign. In response, Johnson held up his arms and said, “don’t boo the great man.”

After multiple attempts Dale asked whether he would not get “any comment at all about what happened last night,” to which Johnson replied: “I think it’s pretty obvious from the foregoing.”

The exchange set a bad-tempered tone for the back and forth between the two and then for a series of questions selected by Dale from the audience of Tory members. At one point, Johnson complained of “hostile bowling” from the members’ questions and asked how long the session had left to run.

Britain’s Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt speaks to the audience as he takes part in a Conservative Party leadership hustings event in Birmingham, central England on June 22, 2019 | Oli Scarf/AFP via Getty Images

One questioner asked why he had said “f**k business” last year at a dinner over objections from firms to the government’s plans for Brexit. Johnson said he “bitterly” resented the way the “stray remark” to the Belgian ambassador had been used to cast doubt on what he called his “pretty extraordinary record of sticking up for business.”

“I was referring to very powerful lobby groups that wanted to have a particular type of exit from the European Union — or non-exit from the European Union — that would not actually achieve the result that we want,” he added. This is presumably a reference to the Confederation of British Industry that represents 190,000 businesses and has warned the government consistently about the economic danger posed by a no-deal scenario.

On Brexit, he repeated his assertion that “we have to come out by October 31.” And he said he would use the U.K.’s financial leverage in the negotiations. “I think as the UK’s negotiators we should retain some creative ambiguity [on the question of money],” he said.

Asked what that would say about the country, if it did not live up to its financial obligations, Johnson said: “I think what it says is, this is a country that is determined to conduct itself in the tradition of EU negotiations.”

In his half of the proceedings, Hunt agreed that it was essential to execute Brexit and promised not to call a general election until he had. “We are in a very serious situation. Get this wrong and there will be no Conservative government, maybe no Conservative party,” he said.

And he aimed some jibes at his opponent. “If we send the wrong person [to Brussels] catastrophe awaits,” he said. “If we send the wrong person there’s going to be no negotiation, no trust, no deal. And if parliament stops that, maybe no Brexit.”

Hunt used a reference to opposition leader Jeremy Corbyn to aim another shot at Johnson. “Faced with a hard-left populist we could choose our own populist or we could choose our own Jeremy.”

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Tory grassroots appeal makes Boris Johnson favorite for PM

LONDON — The decision on who will be U.K. prime minister is now in the hands of Tory Party members — and it’s Boris Johnson’s race to lose.

The first stage of the race ended in dramatic fashion Thursday evening. Johnson long ago locked down first place in the MPs’ ballot. But the battle for second and the prize of facing him in the runoff went down to the wire, with Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt edging it by just two votes. Environment Secretary Michael Gove took 75 to Hunt’s 77.

Of the two, Gove was the candidate Johnson’s supporters feared more; a leading light in the 2016 Leave campaign, with a reputation for Machiavellian maneuverings that some feared could prey on Johnson’s far from unblemished record. Hunt, on the other hand, was a Remainer. He is regarded by Johnson supporters, rightly or wrongly, as a “vanilla” candidate who can easily be swept aside.

The 160,000 or so Conservative members that will decide this contest are overwhelmingly pro-Brexit, and most are comfortable with a no-deal exit. The latest survey of members by the ConservativeHome website put Johnson on 62 percent and Hunt on just 11 percent (though the survey included Gove and Home Secretary Sajid Javid).

The two men now face a monthlong campaign, punctuated by 16 hustings events with party members in all corners of the U.K, and at least one national TV debate scheduled for July 9, on ITV. The final result, to be confirmed the week commencing July 22, looks like a foregone conclusion. For Johnson the objective now is simply to not mess up.

Environment Secretary Michael Gove was seen by Johnson supporters as stronger opposition | Tolga Akmen/AFP via Getty Images

Then the tricky part begins: persuading an adamantine EU to substantially alter Theresa May’s Brexit deal before October 31. If, as seems likely, it does not, he must persuade parliament to allow a no-deal Brexit — a course of action for which there appears to be no majority among MPs.

Putting up a fight

Johnson backers reacted with relief to the final ballot of MPs. “I’d rather have Hunt [as Johnson’s opponent] than anybody,” said one supporter before the final result came in. “He’s a Remainer. He’s been doing his best to tack towards Leave but I don’t think anyone believes it. He’s seen as very vanilla compared with Boris. I would be delighted.”

But the foreign secretary will put up a fight.

“I’m the underdog — but in politics surprises happen, as they did today. I do not doubt the responsibility on my shoulders,” Hunt tweeted after the results were in (although few observers considered his coming second a surprise). His task, he added, is “to show my party how we deliver Brexit and not an election, but also a turbo-charged economy and a country that walks tall in the world.”

“I think a lot of MPs recognize that if we don’t get Brexit out of the way, they are toast” — former Cabinet minister

Hunt will attract the support of the minority of members who are wary of a no-deal Brexit, with all the economic dislocation and potential for a long-term drain on British business that would cause. He may also be buoyed by the knowledge that historically, Conservative leadership races are rarely won by the favorite.

A taste of the upcoming head-to-head came in a BBC debate on Tuesday, when Hunt landed a hit on Johnson, demanding to know what he would say to a sheep farmer “whose business would be destroyed by 40 percent tariffs” in the event of no deal.

Johnson’s position is that he’d rather leave with a deal but will try to take the U.K. out on October 31 one way or another. Hunt is different, seeing the risk of an election should parliament block no deal.

“Any prime minister who promised to leave the EU by a specific date — without the time to renegotiate and pass a new deal — would, in effect, be committing to a general election the moment parliament tried to stop it,” he wrote in the Daily Telegraph at the start of the leadership campaign. The implication is that he would seek to extend Article 50 to get a deal over the line if one was in sight — although he has not ruled out no deal as an option.

Among Johnson’s 160 MP supporters — more than half the parliamentary party — there is a range of Brexit opinion.

Some who voted for him in the final round do not want to see a no-deal exit and are convinced he will stretch every sinew to avoid one. Other backers from the European Research Group of diehard Brexiteers appear to be convinced Johnson will keep his word and get the U.K out in October.

British Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt is now the last man standing between Johnson and No. 10 Downing Street | Luke Dray/Getty Images

The former defense secretary, Michael Fallon, a Johnson backer, said that the ex-foreign secretary stands on a platform of “looking again at the arrangements for the Irish border and the meat of the [non-legally binding] Political Declaration [on the future relationship], and persuading the EU that they have no interest in no deal either.”

Farage fright

Nigel Farage, and the electoral threat he poses to the Conservatives should they not deliver Brexit, was, more than anything, responsible for Johnson’s success, said one former Cabinet minister.

“I think a lot of MPs recognize that if we don’t get Brexit out of the way, they are toast,” the former Cabinet minister said. “Boris understands that our future, our existence as a party, is dependent on delivering Brexit.”

Then again, the MP added, when contemplating a Johnson-Hunt contest: “With Boris there’s many a slip between the cup and the lip.” That’s a reference to Johnson’s reputation for verbal gaffes and past scandals.

Hunt’s advocates’ best hope is that their candidate’s steady-as-she-goes approach somehow wins out against the box office appeal that Johnson clearly has with Conservative members.

This time it will take a political miracle for Tory members not to pick a Brexiteer.

Vicky Ford, one of the foreign secretary’s MP backers and a former MEP familiar with the outlook in Brussels, said that Hunt is a “a good listener and a deep thinker.” She cited his work as foreign secretary pushing for peace in Yemen and fronting a bid by the U.K. to host the pivotal 2020 U.N. climate change conference. “I’ve seen how hard he’s worked to resolve really challenging problems,” she said.

Hunt’s team are likely to portray their candidate in these terms, as the man with a proven record, a veteran of the notoriously tricky Department of Health and the Foreign Office, versus Johnson, who is frequently called out for what critics call a lack of attention to detail.

Hunt will suffer, however, from a perception that he is offering a rerun of Theresa May’s premiership: a Remainer tasked with delivering Brexit while not really believing in it.

“We’ve tried that,” said one Conservative Association chairman. “It didn’t work.”

Tory members, after all, have waited 14 years to have a chance to choose their leader (in the last contest, May’s challenger dropped out before they got a chance to vote).

They are overwhelmingly pro-Brexit and pro-no deal. This time it will take a political miracle for them not to pick a Brexiteer.

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Leo Varadkar: No Brexit transition without a deal

Irish Prime Minister Leo Varadkar delivered a blow to Conservative leadership candidate Boris Johnson Thursday as he insisted the U.K. will not be granted a Brexit transition period if it leaves the EU without a deal.

Johnson, who is the favorite to clinch the Tory crown and become the next British prime minister next month, argued during a televised TV debate on Tuesday that Brussels would grant a transition to smooth the U.K. departure from the bloc, even after a no-deal Brexit.

He has also put renegotiating the controversial Northern Irish backstop arrangements at the heart of his campaign to win the backing of Conservative Party MPs and members.

But arriving at the European Council summit in Brussels, Varadkar said neither proposition is possible. “There is no Withdrawal Agreement without a backstop and there is no implementation period without a Withdrawal Agreement,” said Varadkar, using the alternative terminology for a transition period.

Varakdar’s comments echo those of Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte, who also said this morning there could be no transition without the Withdrawal Agreement, which Brussels has insisted will not be reopened.

Varakdar also made clear that Dublin would not be willing to negotiate bilaterally to avoid the backstop, insisting “European unity” would be maintained if talks continue on the so-called Political Declaration — which outlines the future relationship between the U.K. and EU.

The proposal was put forward by British Home Secretary Sajid Javid, who was knocked out of the Conservative leadership contest Thursday afternoon.

Varadkar said: “Negotiations can only happen between the U.K. and EU. We are not going to allow negotiations to move to an intergovernmental level in any way.”

Elsewhere, Varadkar insisted there could be no further extension to the current Brexit deadline of October 31 — unless it is for a snap general election to shake up the deadlocked parliamentary arithmetic in Britain, or even a fresh EU referendum.

Johnson has insisted he will take the U.K. out of the EU by the end of October, deal or no deal. But the two remaining candidates in the race — Michael Gove and Jeremy Hunt — have said they would prefer an extension to the negotiations if a deal might be clinched soon after the deadline.

But in a blow to their hopes, Varakdar said there is “very much a strong view across the EU that there shouldn’t be any more extensions.”

He added: “While I have endless patience, some of my colleagues have lost patience, quite frankly, with the U.K., and there is enormous hostility to any further extension.

“So I think an extension could only happen if it were to facilitate something like a general election in the U.K. or perhaps even something like a second referendum if they decided to have one.”

“What won’t be entertained is an extension for further negotiations or further indicative votes. The time for that has long since passed,” he said.

UK will be ‘diminished’ after Brexit, Rutte warns Tory leadership hopefuls

No U.K. prime minister would be able to mitigate the economic impact of Brexit on Britain or sustain its global power outside of the EU, especially after a no-deal exit, Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte warned Conservative leadership candidates today.

Speaking ahead of the European Council summit in Brussels, he told BBC Radio 4’s “Today” program this morning: “With a hard Brexit — even with a normal Brexit — the U.K. will be a different country. It will be a diminished country.

“It is unavoidable. Because you are not any longer part of the European Union and you are not big enough to have an important position, important enough on the world stage, on your own.”

The leader of the Netherlands, who described himself as an “Anglophile,” also said the next occupant of Downing Street must be clear about what they want from the EU if they aim to modify the so-called Political Declaration on the future relationship between the two sides; however he ruled out any reopening of the Withdrawal Agreement struck by outgoing British premier Theresa May.

He dismissed claims by leadership hopeful Boris Johnson that the U.K. could be granted a Brexit transition period after a no-deal departure. “As Boris Johnson would say, Brexit is Brexit, and a hard Brexit is a hard Brexit,” Rutte said. “I don’t see how you can sweeten that.”

Home Secretary and Johnson’s rival Sajid Javid’s claim that he could renegotiate the controversial backstop plan directly with Dublin also got short shrift from Rutte, who said Ireland is an integral part of the EU and “we cannot have a backdoor” to the single market.

Both Johnson and Javid have vowed to take Britain out of the EU, deal or no deal, by the current deadline of October 31 if they fail to renegotiate the exit plan with Brussels before then. The Dutch leader warned that any no-deal departure would be “chaos.”

He said if a new British PM wanted an extension to continue negotiating on Brexit, something Environment Secretary Michael Gove has proposed, they would have to be clear about “making changes to the red lines the U.K. is currently holding.” 

“I hope campaigning is done in poetry and governing is in prose, as I think [British Prime Minister Winston] Churchill said once,” Rutte said, in what may have been a reaching out to Johnson — a Churchill fan who has written a book on the wartime leader. “And that when [the new Tory leader] will read all the briefs and get aware of all the details of where we are at the moment in terms of Brexit negotiations, that they will realize … that something has to change in terms of the British position.”

Brussels blocks out Boris bluster

Brussels isn’t listening to Boris Johnson.

The EU may not exactly be overjoyed at the prospect of the former foreign secretary and Brexit figurehead succeeding Theresa May as U.K. prime minister. But despite his promised tough stance on Brexit, diplomats in Brussels are taking Johnson’s campaign rhetoric with a hefty pinch of salt.

Public utterances from the front-runner in the Tory leadership race have so far been few in a tightly controlled campaign in which he has refused to participate in one of two TV debates and a parliamentary hustings open to political journalists.

His stated Brexit policy, though, is clear: For the U.K. to leave on October 31 with or without a deal; to withhold the U.K.’s negotiated divorce settlement of £39 billion to use as leverage if necessary; and to renegotiate the Northern Ireland backstop.

“We must come out on October 31 because otherwise I’m afraid we face a catastrophic loss of confidence in politics,” said Johnson during a BBC leadership debate Tuesday night in which members of the public asked questions via video link. “I think the British people are thoroughly fed up.”

“Once in office he’ll change. It’s very different when you have a country in your hands” — Anonymous EU diplomat

That is music to the ears of the 160,000 Tory members who skew strongly toward hard Brexiteer opinions and who feel betrayed by May’s failure to extract the U.K. from the EU on the original exit date of March 29. It is they who will ultimately decide the outcome of the race and the identity of the next prime minister (assuming the contest is not truncated).

But if he wins, Johnson will find the same wall of resistance in Brussels and EU capitals that his predecessor encountered. The EU mantra has not changed: No renegotiation of the backstop and the U.K. must settle its financial obligations before any talks about a future trade deal.

Despite that stark mismatch with the front-runner’s position, seven EU diplomats and officials who spoke to POLITICO offered a phlegmatic assessment of a Johnson premiership that they say would turn out to be more pragmatic than his rhetoric suggests.

In short: They don’t appear to believe him.

Boris Johnson leaves the podium during his Conservative Party leadership campaign launch in London on June 12, 2019 | Tolga Akmen/AFP via Getty Images

“Once in office he’ll change,” said one EU diplomat. “It’s very different when you have a country in your hands.”

“One should always make a distinction between political campaigning and actual governing. The former can ignore facts, the latter not,” said a senior EU diplomat.

A spokesperson for Johnson declined to comment.

Larger than life

That’s not to say there is any great affection in Brussels for the charms of a larger-than-life political character known for his creative utterances and sometimes slippery relationship with facts. It is just that EU diplomats and officials who have surveyed the field of Tory hopefuls have concluded it could, from their point of view, be worse.

“He’s not a true believer like for example [Dominic] Raab,” said one EU official who dealt with the former Brexit secretary when he was traveling back and forth to Brussels last fall to negotiate on May’s behalf. The official concluded that Raab and his predecessor David Davis “really believe in it” — unlike, in their view, Johnson. Raab was knocked out after the second round of voting and threw his weight behind the front-runner.

Despite his central role in the Brexit campaign, the former foreign secretary has had to field consistent accusations that his commitment to Brexit is more about personal ambition than belief in the project. As London mayor, he offered a more internationalist and pro-immigration posture than many in the pro-Brexit camp. And when it came to deciding which side to throw his weight behind in the referendum, he reportedly wrote two versions of a comment piece: one pro-Remain and one pro-Brexit. The latter won out.

True Brexit believer or not, Brussels expects a different approach to negotiating with the bloc from a Johnson administration.

Brexit Party leader Nigel Farage, who led the parallel unofficial Leave campaign back in 2016, is skeptical of Johnson’s Brexit credentials because he ultimately fell into line and voted in favor of May’s Withdrawal Agreement, at the third time of asking in March.

Writing in the Sunday Express last month, Farage said this was like “Spartacus voting for slavery” and declared that Brexit could not be trusted with a “political card sharp” like the former foreign secretary.

‘Creative’ diplomacy

True Brexit believer or not, Brussels expects a different approach to negotiating with the bloc from a Johnson administration. EU diplomats who watched him in action as foreign secretary say he was ill-prepared for meetings and not on top of his brief.

That, though, could inject a chaotic unpredictability that some hope might actually allow the U.K. to adopt a more pragmatic approach. “He’s not a serious person, he can do what he wants shamelessly, but this also means that he can change point of view even very radically,” argued a second senior EU diplomat. “It will be a lot of theater.”

One unknown is how Emmanuel Macron, who so far has led the EU hard-liners over Brexit, would react to a Johnson premiership. A summit in Brussels on Thursday may offer the first glimpse of the French president’s likely approach, at which he will doubtless be asked about Johnson’s likely succession.

French President Emmanuel Macron has taken a hard stance on Brexit up to this point | Fabrice Coffrini/AFP via Getty Images

Yet despite the hope that Johnson might turn out to be a more pragmatic and flexible leader than his campaign trail persona, diplomats point out the narrow political space he has to operate in back home.

“For sure he’s not a Taliban … but he has to walk a very narrow path between May’s work and the party’s hard-liners,” said another EU diplomat.

“Also here [in Brussels] he has a very limited space … I expect him to first travel to Dublin, then to the other capitals and then to speak to the Commons. But he has to move very carefully, step by step, so as to make us a proposal that has enough backing at home while being not outrageous for us,” the diplomat said.

That will require both political skill and diplomatic “creativity.”

“He has to find a way to square a circle, no doubt, but he’s a good communicator,” the diplomat added.

For now, though, Johnson is communicating to a different audience — the Tory selectorate — and Brussels is happy to keep its fingers firmly in its ears.

Annabelle Dickson contributed reporting.

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